Namazın Şartları

Namaza başlamadan önce yapılması gereken şeyler vardır. Bunlara namazın şartları denilmektedir. Bu şartlar:

1-Hadesten Taharet: Hükmi kirlilik adı verilen abdestsizlik halinin giderilmesidir. Aynı şekilde cünüp kişinin gusletmesi de hadesten taharet kapsamındadır.

2-Necasetten Taharet: Maddi namaza mani olacak necis şeylerden bedenini, elbisesini, namaz kılacağı ve secde edeceği yeri temizlemektir.

3-Setr-i Avret: Erkek veya kadının birbirlerinin görmemesi gereken yerler vardır. Bu yerlere avret mahalli adı verilmektedir. Erkek için avret mahalli göbek çukuru ile diz kapağının alt kısmına kadardır. Kadınların ise yüzleri, elleri ve ayakları hariç diğer yerlerini örtmeleri gerekmektedir. Erkek ve kadın için avret yerlerinin örtülü bulundurmaları farzdır.

4-İstikbali Kıble: Yeryüzünde her nerede olursa olsun göğsünü Kabe-i Muazzama’ya yönelmektir. Kabeyi gören kişi ona bakar. Göremeyen ise kıble yönüne dönmelidir.

5-Vakit: Namaz vaktinin girdiğinin bilinmesidir.

6-Niyet: Kılacağı namaza kalben niyet etmektir. Farz veya vacip namaz kılınıyor ise bunlarda tayin şarttır. Öğle namazının farzı, Akşam namazının farzı, Vitir namazı, gibi. Nafile bir namaz kılıyor ise tayin şart değildir. Allah rızası için namaz kılmaya demek yeterlidir. Öğle namazının ilk sünneti gibi bir niyete ihtiyaç duymamaktadır.

Allah-ü A’lem…

(Nuru’l-İzah ve Necatü’l-Ervah, 52)

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